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Thus, it should be noted that the count conducted in 2011 implies that the homeless population has remained relatively stable between 20.
Of the homeless people surveyed in 2011, "71% were sheltered in either an emergency shelter, safe house, transition house or temporary facility such as a hospital, jail or detoxification centre...while 29% slept in outdoor locations or at someone else's place".
Heather Smith and David Ley found that in Canada's gateway cities, "the appreciable growth of the low-income population during the 1990s was almost entirely attributable to the growing poverty of recent immigrants".
Immigrants, recent and old, therefore constitute a large proportion of households in Metro Vancouver considered to be at-risk of homelessness.
Analysis conducted by Robert Fiedler revealed that, in 2001, "29.1% of persons in households..Greater Vancouver are below more than one CMHC housing standard, indicating that..households not only must spend an unsustainably high proportion of their income on shelter costs, but must also live in overcrowded and/or substandard conditions to access housing".
There remains a small population, less than 2%, of Aboriginal peoples, who according to archeological and historical records, have inhabited this region for more than 3,000 years.
More in depth still, this study also found that 18.5% of immigrants living in Vancouver exceeded the 30% threshold and 8.0% exceed the 50% threshold.
Only 11.3% and 4.8% of Canadian born households exceeded the 30% and 50% thresholds, respectively.
This particular homeless count is and continues to be conducted once every three years, taking place over a brief 24-hour period.
The report published on these results stated, "It is important to note that all Homeless Counts are inherently undercounts and that the 2011 Metro Vancouver Count was no exception." Nonetheless, these counts can be used as indicators to determine homelessness trends within Metro Vancouver.